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Alopecia Areata

About alopecia areata Alopecia areata is a non-scarring hair loss phenomenon that affects men and women- both adults and children. Alopecia Areata is a very common hair loss problem in which there is a sudden patchy loss of hair. All the hair in the small area of the scalp is lost. The chief causes for alopecia is an autoimmune reaction of the body against its own hair cells treatin....Read More
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What is Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease in which our immune system attacks our own hair follicles and it causes patchy hair loss mainly on the scalp and sometimes in other areas of the body, prominently beard area. what is an autoimmune disease? to understand alopecia areata you need to understand what is an autoimmune disease first. o...Read More
Causes of Alopecia Areata?
Autoimmune Genetic Factor - HLA haplotype DQ3,DR4 & DR11 Hormonal immunity - Circulating organ - specific antibiotics against thyroid, gastric pariental cell, adrenal tissue, smooth muscle, testes & the ovaries is raised in patients with AA Cell medicated immunity Association with Down Syndrome Association with Atrophic disease Environmental factor...Read More
Why Patchy hair loss?
As the disease is autoimmune, there is hair loss from most common life, scalp in the form of solitary or multiple patches of alopecia. When the immune system attack the hair follicle - Increased no. of telogen follicles & presence of inflammatory lymphocytic infiltrate in the peribular region Follicles may react in one of three ways Severe damage m...Read More
treatment for alopecia areata
Age < 10 years Minoxidil 5% solution + anthralin or Topical Steroid Age > 10 years < 50% involvement intralesional steroids Minoxidil 5% solution Anthralin (0.2% - 1.0% cream) Tacrolimus Topical Steroid 50% Topical immunotherapy Minoxidil 5% Anthralin...Read More

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-Dr. Dhananjay Chavan