sir, my sister is suffering from patchy hair loss in the scalp since 2 years. we showed her to a dermatologist near our house he told us that she has a condition named alopecia areata. but he didn't explain us about this in detail. sir, we are very frightened, in our family no one is suffering from the same. why is she suffering from this alopecia areata? what are the causes of alopecia areata?
Alopecia areata is a condition where there is patchy hair loss from the scalp or sometimes it can cause hair loss from other parts of the body like eyelashes eyebrows or beard area in certain conditions. There can be complete hair loss from the scalp or hair from the whole body can loss when the complete hair loss occurs on the scalp it is called alopecia totalis and when whole body hair destroys or loss occurs then it is called as alopecia universalis. Alopecia Areata causes a lot of emotional disturbance to the patient. There are a lot of miss conceptions about the Alopecia Areata in the social circles. so with a thing like why it occurs there are some studies about this thing like alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition where the hair attacked by our defenses like white blood cells or immune cells and in this condition immune cells or white cells they don't recognize own body tissue and they destroy the own body tissue or autoantibodies. So, in this case, hair gets shrunk and they don't grow fast or they grow slowly. Their growth gets halted and the bald patch occurs on the scalp. So there is no particular reason why this immune disturbance occurs in particular person but there are certain factors are proposed like different causes like if a family member is affected or relative are affected by the same condition. The second thing if the person is having other autoimmune condition like anemia, thyroiditis, diabetes mellitus, vitiligo then there are more chances of occurrence of Alopecia Areata in the person. Third condition which is proposed but not directly related sudden extend stress. There are some reports it can have some impact on the occurrence of alopecia areata. Then the thing is once you are aware of it then you should leave misconceptions behind and go with a positive attitude about this conditions. This condition is treatable and once you start treatment, you will get good results in alopecia areata and total control of hair loss. You get nice results and hair growth with a particular condition that alopecia areata. I think with this information we have clear your doubts & questions.
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Causes of Alopecia areata in children