Alopecia Areata: What is it & its symptoms | HairMD, Pune
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Alopecia Areata

About alopecia areata Alopecia areata is a non-scarring hair loss phenomenon that affects men and women- both adults and children. Alopecia Areata is a very common hair loss problem in which there is a sudden patchy loss of hair. All the hair in the small area of the scalp is lost. The chief causes for alopecia is an autoimmune reaction of the body against its own….
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What is Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease in which our immune system attacks our own hair follicles and it causes patchy hair loss mainly on the scalp and sometimes in other areas of the body, prominently beard area.

What is an autoimmune disease?

To understand alopecia areata you need to understand what is an autoimmune disease first. our immune system is the defense mechanism of our body. this system attacks any foreign body comes into our body which is harmful to our body like bacteria, viruses and destroy them. But in autoimmune disease, this immune system gets confused and start considering our own body cells as a foreign body and attack them to destroy. This is what happens in alopecia areata, the immune system attacks our own hair follicles and causes patchy hair loss. The exact cause of alopecia areata is not yet known but it is observed that its very predominant in patients who has a family history of other autoimmune diseases like type 1 diabetes Mellitus or rheumatoid arthritis.


Why Patchy Hair Loss?


Here is the video by our eminent dermatologist Dr. Manali Shah on the causes of alopecia areata

 

What are the symptoms of alopecia areata?

The only symptom which is associated with the alopecia areata is localized hair loss either on scalp or beard, it shows a bald patch of centimeters it usually shows the sudden onset, one day we will suddenly notice a lot of hairs on your pillow.

Sometimes this goes pretty aggressive and causes loss of whole hairs from the scalp called Alopecia Totalis and sometimes from the whole body called Alopecia Universalis. but alone hair loss can’t be the definitive factor in diagnosing Alopecia areata.

How to diagnose alopecia areata?

Usually, very experienced dermatologists like Dr. Dhananjay Chavan can diagnose this alopecia areata just by examination but in few confusing cases, he also performs few tests to diagnose alopecia areata perfectly.

  1. Microscopic examination of your extent of hair loss.
  2. Scalp/Skin biopsy to rule out other similar conditions like fungal infection or tinea capitis.
  3. Blood test to detect the presence of autoimmune antibodies
  4. Other blood tests as stated below.
    • C- reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate.
    • Anti-nuclear antibody test
    • Iron level
    • Free testosterone level

What is the treatment for alopecia areata?

Our most eminent dermatologist Dr. Manali Shah gives an answer to this

 

Unfortunately, there is no complete cure for alopecia areata as medical science doesn’t know the actual cause of hair loss due to alopecia areata. But we can control the condition and regrow hairs which you have lost but there are high chances that you will lose that hair again.


Bald spot on the scalp of a female before and after the result.

(Click on the image to see more positive results)


So, if you see any of these symptoms or observe similar kind of hair loss, then see your nearest dermatologist or you can visit our clinic or contact our patient support team on +91-7888091119. Don’t worry, alopecia areata is controllable & treatable.

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" Correction of physical appearance and making it aesthetically perfect is not a mere status issue, its about making your soul comfortable in your body "

-Dr. Dhananjay Chavan

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About alopecia areata

Alopecia areata is a non-scarring hair loss phenomenon that affects men and women- both adults and children. Alopecia Areata is a very common hair loss problem in which there is a sudden patchy loss of hair. All the hair in the small area of the scalp is lost. The chief causes for alopecia is an autoimmune reaction of the body against its own hair cells treating them as the foreign body. It means that the body develops a reaction and fights the hair cells which then fall off. The various treatments and procedures that are thought to cure Alopecia Areata are corticosteroid topical creams & immunosuppressive creams commonly known as alopecia topical treatments, intra-lesion drug injections, cryotherapy etc.

At HairMD- hair loss clinic in Pune, we provide our patients with best alopecia areata treatment. Till date, we have been successful in helping patients of Alopecia areata counting more than 15053+  at our hair loss clinics in Pune, Karad and Kolhapur under the guidance and leadership of Dr Dhananjay Chavan, MBBS, DDV- one of top skin & hair specialist in Pune.

You can visit our website www.hairmdindia.com to see more successful and happy alopecia before and after. And if you are feeling frustrated and not getting ways to treat alopecia, book hair loss consultation with our hair doctors or trichologist.