Nowadays, Hair loss is very common phenomenon faced by men as well as female. There are various treatments followed to treat the hair loss. To treat hair loss Dermatologists prescribe you US FDA approved medications. These medications are Minoxidil and Finasteride. Along with these medications some supportive treatments also very effective in treating hair loss. PRP for hair loss is one of these.
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) is processed blood plasma. PRP contains platelets from which red blood cells (RBCs) and white blood cells (WBCs) are removed. PRP therapy, which is a medical treatment for hair loss, uses this concentrated. platelet-rich plasma.
Platelet-rich plasma injections may act as a trigger for natural hair growth. Increasing blood supply to the hair follicle maintains this growth and increase the thickness of the hair shaft. Micro-needling and other medical solutions are often combined with PRP to combat hair loss.
PRP therapy has three steps and may need up to three treatments at an interval of 4–6 weeks. This is then followed by maintenance treatments every 4–6 months.
Step 1: Blood is drawn, generally from the arm, and put into a centrifuge or other specialized device that spins at high speed.
Step 2: The centrifugal forces separates platelets from other blood components. This causes the heaviest particles in the blood, i.e., the red blood cells to settle at the bottom of the vial. The layer above the red blood cells contains the white blood cells and platelets with plasma. The highest, lightest layer contains a clear solution of blood plasma.
Step 3: After centrifuging, the doctor removes the platelet-poor plasma (PPP) and separates the white blood cells from the platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The doctor then uses this for the therapy.
Generally, the ideal volume of PRP for injecting into the scalp is 8 ml – 12 ml. The concentration of platelet-rich plasma is drawn up into a syringe and then injected into areas of the scalp that are suffering from hair loss.
The doctor marks out the area of hair restoration on the scalp, administers local anesthesia using cream and then disinfects it. The platelet-rich plasma is injected into the deeper layers of the scalp. The site is then cleaned thoroughly.
Blood consists of up of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma- which is the fluid part of blood. Plasma suspends and carries blood cells and nutrients throughout the body.
Platelets are tiny cells in the blood with various functions in the body. One of the functions is to cause blood to clot to prevent excessive bleeding during injury. Another is to contain proteins in our blood that help wounds to heal.
Platelets are also a reservoir of growth factors. These growth factors stimulate tissue recovery by increasing blood flow and cytokines. They are also responsible for stimulating and enhancing hair follicle function
The PRP injection contains a high concentration of platelets. This is around 5 – 10 times more than the platelets in untreated blood. This helps to reduce the inflammation that may lead to hair loss. Doctors theorize that the platelets speed up healing.
Ensure that you let your doctor know of any medications, including supplements you may be on. You should also inform your doctor of any chronic infections, diseases or illnesses. Your doctor may recommend against PRP for hair loss if you are on blood thinners, are a heavy smoker or have a history of alcohol or drug misuse.
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