Male or Female pattern baldness is the most common type of baldness. The male sex hormone, called androgen, which regulates hair growth, is primarily responsible for this type of baldness.
Apart from genetics, some other common causes of baldness are ageing, hormonal changes, overuse of haircare and hair styling products, and lifestyle habits. Sometimes the causes of baldness could be more severe like cancer, anabolic steroids, or thyroid conditions. Doctors will do the necessary tests to determine the exact cause of the condition and thereon they would outline a course of treatment.
Male or female pattern baldness can begin as early as in the teenage years, but it is more common during adulthood, with the likely increase in age. Genetics do play a huge role and men who have relatives suffering from pattern baldness are at a higher risk. If the hair loss begins at the temple of the head, then it could mark the beginning of pattern baldness. Female pattern baldness can be caused due to an endocrine condition or a hormone-secreting tumor.
One of the common symptoms of baldness includes gradual thinning on top of the head. Some people also lose their hair in circular or patchy spots. Sudden stress or emotional shock can also cause thinning of the hair but this symptom of baldnessis temporary. A person may also notice patches of scaling which could be a sign of ringworm. An infection is accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling, and oozing.
How to prevent balding? With medical science advancing every day, there are some methods to prevent balding. For example, Minoxidil is a topical ointment applied to the scalp for baldness cure to prevent male and female pattern baldness. It can slow down hair loss and stimulate hair follicles to grow new hair and it can take four months to a year to show visible results. There is also a finasteride oral medication that blocks the action of hormones responsible for hair loss. However, none of these methods are sure shot. Therefore, there are various treatments available like hair transplant, low-level laser therapy, platelet-rich plasma therapy, and Mesotherapy that can guarantee hair growth.
Other causes of baldness include traction alopecia, which is stress on hair follicles caused by tight hairstyles; alopecia areata, an autoimmune disease where the body attacks its hair follicles;
And anagen effluvium, where a toxic substance impairs the growth of hair follicles.
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There are various types of baldness like androgenetic alopecia, telogen effluvium, alopecia areata, anagen effluvium, tinea capitis, and cicatricial alopecia.
Consult your doctor the moment you start getting distressed about hair loss and are seeking treatment for the same. If you are a woman who is facing a receding hairline, then consult your doctor regarding early treatment to avoid complete baldness. If you are facing sudden hair loss, then there might be potential underlying health conditions as well, which demands the doctor’s attention.
Hair loss is typically related to family genetics. However, there could also be other reasons like hormonal changes and medical issues due to pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, and thyroid problems. Hair loss can also be a side effect of medications for cancer, arthritis, depression, gout, cardiovascular health, and blood pressure. Hair loss has also been linked to stress and cosmetic treatments.
You can avoid preventable types of hair loss by being gentle with your hair, taking the right medications, protecting your hair from UV rays of the sun, and stopping bad habits like smoking.
One of the most common treatments available is hair transplant. But if you are not willing to go for a transplant, there are other options like low-level laser light therapy, Platelet-rich plasma therapy, Mesotherapy, and certain medications like minoxidil, dutasteride, and finasteride. Consult a dermatologist to understand the best treatment for you.